PCI Flower Descriptions

Based on J. Ghio and J. Witt articles, 2003 and 2004


Part of PlantTrait NameNote
Flower Color (S+P+SA)Barkground color on complexly colored iris flowersFor species, all parts are typically one color, petals are fairly narrow with little or no ruffling, small signals and small areas of veins
 AmoenaBearded iris term for flowers with white standards and colored falls
 Reverse AmoenaFlowers with dark standards and white falls, e.g. Valley Banner form, which has dark veins on white falls, purple-lavender standards, very striking
 BitoneS and F with different values of the same colors. Usually S are darker
 BicolorS and F of different colors.
 BlendGentle shading of two different colors in petals
 TricolorS, F and SA each of different colors
   
Flower FormSpiderNarrow petals
 Normal or species-typeModerately wide petals found in most species
 FullFull overlapping petals
 DinnerplateFlat, all petals in one plane; petals broad
 FlatAll petals are on one plane, petals very broad and blooms large
 FountainAll petals droop downward
 TriangularFalls downward, standards upright and close as in a triangle
 RecurvedPetals, particlarly the falls, fountain out and down, and recurve at edges
 Semi-flaringFalls that flare at 45 degrees
   
StandardsUprightHeld up
 45 degreesHeld out at 45 degrees
 DomedBearded iris term for standards that arch together at top of flower
   
Ruffling (S+P+SA)NoneSmooth edges, as in many species
 FlutingGentle uneven ruffling, as in some species
 Pie CrustSmall, regular ruffling, as with a fluted pie crust
 Bubble Intense undulations of petal edges
 StipplePrecise, even ruffling
 UnevenIrregular ruffling, as with some wild iris flowers
 WavyGentle ruffling, as compared to bubble ruffles
 CorrugatedLarge, precise undulations of petal edges
   
BordersColorsMay be light on dark petal, or dark on light petal
 EdgingA border of a different color
 BandingWide border of different color, more than 4 mm wide
 RimmedA very wide border of a different color, more than 6 mm wide
 Wire EdgeNarrow border: less than 1/8 inch or 3 mm wide
 Fine Pencil Edge2 mm wide
 Hairline Edge1 mm wide
 HaloedSometimes applied to borders, indicating a different color on the petal edge. JW suggests this is best applied to Signals
   
VeiningNaturalPattern found naturally in I. purdyi, I. innominata, where multiple veins radiate out from base of Fall to or nearly to tip, occupying half or more of petal
 LinesThicker than natural veins, ca 2 mm wide
 Heavy LinesMuch thicker than natural veins, ca 3-4 mm wide
 PatternedRegular veining over much of petal
 RadiatingVeins that radiate out from base to tip in very regular pattern covering most of petal
 Contrast veining on standardsIf standards have veins in a contrasting color, mention
 Luminata Light or white veins on dark falls, and see bearded iris definition
 WebbingDense veining covers most of petal, leaving border of base petal color on edge
 PlicataStitched, stippled or banded color in contrast to the base color. Might also show peppering.
 StitchingDashed lines radiating out along edge (in bearded iris), or to edge in complexly patterned veins in PCIs
   
SignalNaturalYellow or white signal on petal of another color is natural to several species
 EyeSmall intense color spot with short lines (less than 4 mm long) around edge
 SpotColor spot
 BlazeLarge irregular color spot
 ThumbprintLarge oval color spot
 Central AreaSpot confined to central portion of petal
 Bleeding SpotTapers out into veins radating out from sport
 WatercolorDiffuse edges
 DiffuseWash of color rather than dark solid area
 DividedDissected by areas of base petal color, or by slashes, or veins of another color
 SizeCan be small to large, occupying less than 1/4 of petal, half, or more
 Dime10 mm signal
 LinedSignal formed of lines instead of color patch
 CrescentTwo arcs on petal, one to each side of mainline
 PepperedSignal formed of dots instead of solid patch, may also describe widepread dots on standards
 Lash around signalLines more than 4 mm long around signal
 Lash without signalLines more than 4 mm long around are where signal would be, but color of this area is the same as the petal, lashes of contrasting color
   
Signal ModificationsNoneNatural condition is generally a central spot of unbroken color with an irregular edge
 FlashJagged color slash through signal
 SlashStraight slash through middle of signal on center axis
 CenterlineLong slash through signal, may cover more than 1/3 to 1/2 of petal towards tip from signal
 StreakLarge uneven central color line extending out from signal to lower portion of petal
   
Signal Halo Horseshoe or ring of color outside signal on petal, does not occupy much of petal area
 LineSmall regular line
 BandWide regular line
 StippledDotted line
 FreckledIrregularly dotted line
 WhiskersHalo of fine regular veins instead of solid line, > 4 mm to 8 mm long
 EyelashesHalo of fine short regular veins instead of solid line, 4 mm or less
 RaysHalo of longer regular veins, 8-12 mm long, but not occupying most of petal, unlike plicata form of veining
   
Extra Color  On Petals (Falls or Standards), usually on Falls
 OverlaidDistinct overlayer of another color
 StainedDark overlayer
 HazedLight overlayer, foggy, rather like a foggy or smoky haze
 FlushedInfused overlayer that is not the same tone everywhere, darker in some areas than in others
 WashedUniform wash of second color
 BlushedWarm, pinkish wash of color
 InfusedVery faint overlayer
 DustVery small flecks of other color on main body of petal
 Dotted or PepperedRegular small dots of other color on main body of petal
 FreckledUneven dots of other color on main body of petal
   
Coverage of Extra ColorPartialAs in less than half of petal is washed with extra color
 HalfAs in half washed with extra color
 MostlyAs in more than half of petal is wshed with extra color
 CompleteDescribe actual flower color and components, major color and extra color
   
Style Arm ColorNormalOne base color for all flower parts is normal
 LighterSame color, lighter tone
 DarkerSame color, darker tone
 Throat ColorUsed when SA throat is a different color
 Tip ColorUsed when SA tip is a different color
 VeiningIf present, mention and use Falls terms
   
Perianth Tube Color When different from main flower, list
   
Ovary Color When not green (usual condition)